Since 1 May 2004, the OFT along with the courts, has had the power to apply and enforce Articles 81 and 82 in the UK. When doing this, the OFT must follow the case law of the European Court. When applying CA98, section 60 of that Act requires us to ensure that we act consistently with EC law.
For further information, see the guideline Modernisation.
The European Competition Network (ECN) has been set up to facilitate close co-operation among national competition authorities (such as the OFT) and the European Commission and to ensure an effective and consistent application of Articles 81 and 82.
Regulation 1/2003 (also known as the Modernisation Regulation) and the Joint Statement of the European Council and the European Commission on the Functioning of the Network of Competition Authorities set out the main principles for the functioning of the ECN.
Details about the system of cooperation within the ECN are set out in the European Commission's Notice on Cooperation within the Network of Competition Authorities.
Competition law is enforced in the UK principally by the OFT. However, in certain industries (communications, gas, electricity, water and sewerage, railway and air traffic services) the sector regulators have been given 'concurrent powers' to apply and enforce CA98 and Articles 81 and 82 of the EC Treaty.
These sector regulators are:
Office of Communications (OFCOM)
2a Southwark Bridge Road
London SE1 7DB
Tel: 020 7981 3000
Gas and Electricity Markets Authority (OFGEM)
London SW1P 3GE
Tel: 020 7901 7000
Northern Ireland Authority for Energy Regulation (OFREG NI)
42 Fountain Street
Belfast BT1 5EE
Tel: 028 9031 1575
Office of Water Services (OFWAT)
Centre City Tower
7 Hill Street
Birmingham B5 4UA
Tel: 0121 625 1300
Office of Rail Regulation (ORR)
1 Waterhouse Square
London EC1N 2TQ
Tel: 020 7282 2000
Civil Aviation Authority (CAA)
London WC2B 6TE
Tel: 020 7379 7311
Back to: Competition Act 1998