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Unfair contract terms guidance

The Unfair Terms in Consumer Contracts Regulations 1999 protect consumers against unfair standard terms in contracts they make with traders. The OFT, together with certain other bodies, can take legal action to prevent the use of such terms. The UTCCRs can protect consumers from terms that reduce their statutory or common law rights and from terms that seek to impose unfair burdens on the consumer over and above the obligations of ordinary rules of law.

A range of guidance is available including the OFT's view on certain kinds of unfair terms or terms commonly used by particular trade sectors - these can be downloaded below in pdf format, or ordered from our Publications page ('Guidance on legislation/Unfair terms in consumer contracts').

See the OFT's Unfair Terms hub.

Reports on all concluded cases are published in regular bulletins, which can be downloaded or ordered from the Publications page.

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Unfair contract terms guidance (OFT311)

This is the second issue of the guidance on the Unfair Terms in Consumer Contracts Regulations 1999 and replaces the original issue published in February 2001.

The guidance explains why the OFT considers that certain kinds of standard terms used in contracts with consumers have the potential for unfairness under these Regulations. It represents the OFT's view and explains the basis on which we are likely to take enforcement action.

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Calculating fair default charges in credit card contracts

A statement of the OFT's position.

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Guidance on unfair terms in holiday caravan agreements

This guidance explains why we consider some standard contract terms used in holiday caravan agreements to be potentially unfair under the Unfair Terms in Consumer Contracts Regulations 1999.

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Guidance on unfair terms in package holiday contracts

Explains why the OFT considers some standard contract terms used in booking conditions for package holidays to be potentially unfair.

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Guidance on unfair terms in consumer entertainment contracts

This is the OFT's guidance on potentially unfair terms in consumer entertainment contracts. It covers our views on unfair terms in contracts relating to the purchase of tickets for entertainment, the hiring of performers, and leisure activities.

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Guidance on unfair terms in tenancy agreements

A guide to what the OFT believes to be potentially unfair terms in assured and assured shorthold tenancy agreements.

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Guidance on unfair terms in health and fitness club agreements

This sets out what sort of terms in health and fitness club contracts the OFT considers potentially unfair, and gives examples of unfair terms and revised terms.

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Guidance on unfair terms in care home contracts

This is the first issue of the OFT's guide to potentially unfair terms in agreements made by care homes with older people. This guide is based on a review of a sample of agreements and the OFT's experience of enforcing the Unfair Terms in Consumer Contracts Regulations 1999.

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Unfair standard terms

An introductory guidance to what the OFT thinks are unfair standard terms.

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Guidance on unfair terms in home improvements contracts

This is the OFT's guidance on how to avoid unfairness in standard consumer contracts for home improvements.

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Guidance on IT consumer contracts made at a distance

Guidance on IT consumer contracts made at a distance (546 kb)

This is the OFT's guidance on compliance with the Distance Selling and Unfair Terms in Consumer Contracts Regulations.

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Looking up the law

Printed versions of both the UTCCRs themselves and the EU Directive that they implement are sold by the Stationery Office - telephone 0870 600 5522.

Or you can view them here:

These documents are Crown copyright.




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